We are supporting high blood pressure education this month. Test your knowledge of HBP and learn about it below!
Test your High Blood Pressure IQ here!
What is High Blood Pressure?
“High Blood Pressure (HBP) is a serious condition that can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.” -NHBI
HBP is considered to occur when blood pressure levels are above 140/90.
1 in 3 adults in the U.S. have HBP, usually without showing any signs or symptoms. It is important to know your blood pressure, even when feeling healthy.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
Oxygen is carried through the body by blood. The heart pumps this blood through the system of blood vessels within your body. Pressure on the arteries is created when blood is pumped through them, causing the tissues of the artery walls to stretch. HBP occurs when too much force is applied, and the artery walls get stretched beyond a healthy limit.
Common causes can include:
- Chronic kidney disease
- Thyroid disease
- Birth control pills, hormone therapy, or pregnancy in women
- Unhealthy Lifestyle Choices
Who is at risk for High Blood Pressure?
HBP risk varies with age, gender, and race. Risk increases with age and is more common in males than in females. It is also found more among African American adults than Caucasian or Hispanic American adults.
Typical high-risk ages for HBP are males 45 and older, and females 55 and older.
Heredity is also a major factor in determining risk for HBP. Family history of HBP increases risk for you and/or your children to develop HBP.
Other contributing factors include:
- Lack of Physical activity
- Poor Diet
- Excessive alcohol consumption
For more detailed information on understanding your risk for HBP, visit the American Heart Association’s Website
Preventing High Blood Pressure
- Follow a healthy diet (reduce sodium intake)
- Participate in regular physical activity
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Manage your stress
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Avoid tobacco consumption